Having citizens who are more informed, more aware and also more participating is the objective of Education for Development. To achieve this, Education for Development works from different areas, which range from formal education (Schools and Universities) "non-formal" (leisure and free time spaces...) and informal (media, social networks...) fostering an educational process of constant evolution.
Education for Development facilitates the understanding of the globalized world, provokes a critical attitude and is commited to reality, generates commitment and co-responsibility in the fight against poverty, fosters attitudes and values in citizenship and ultimately generates Global Citizenship. ("Think globally, act locally")
ED must promote knowledge of the realities and causes that explain and cause the existence of poverty and inequallity and condition our lives as individuals belonging to any culture on the Planet.
ED must facilitate a critical understanding of the economic, political, social and cultural interrelations between the North and the South, and promote in our children, young people and adults, values and attitudes related to solidarity, social justice, search for ways of action to achieve human development and sthrengthen critical attitudes and commited to these causes to move towards Global Citizenship, worldwide justice, equity and the achievement of Human Rights.
The activities to be carried out in the field of Education for Development should favor the reflection on one's own life, starting from close experiences and real situations that allow to raise awareness among girls and boys, young people and adults about the reality of the world globalized in which we live, so that educates in the generation of the attitudes and values mentioned above and for this requires the use of methodologies based on research-action-reflection that through participatory, interactive, creative, dynamic, dialogical procedures and cooperatives promote critical thinking and Global Citizenship.
In short, ED is an "educational process (formal, non-formal and informal) constant guided, through knowledge, attitudes and values, to promote a global citizenship that generates a culture of solidarity committed to the fight against poverty and exclusion as well as the promotion of human and sustainable development ". Education Strategy for Development of Spanish Cooperation (Ortega 2007)
The four dimensions, non-exclusive and interrelated, through which the ED is developed are:
Sensitization. An awareness-raising action based on the transmission of information, from a Rights and gender perspective, with emphasis on the development of those competences that allow to alert about the causes of poverty, its relation with the violations of Rights and the structures that the they perpetuate, as well as a broader knowledge of the realities of the South and of interdependence and globalization, also of the practices and actions that affect or can influence the processes that generate inequalities.
Training on Development. It is an educational process aimed at a clear target audience towards which specific educational methodologies are oriented to develop cognitive, procedural and attitudinal competences.
Research for development. Key piece in a transformation model, allows to analyze in depth the problematic of development and to base proposals. ED practices must be based and grounded in this dimension. Its work methodology is based on social research techniques, with special emphasis on those that promote action research
Social mobilization. The most notorious expression of the active participation of citizens, makes possible its direct role in the fight against poverty and the promotion of human development. Favors citizen participation in the processes of policy change and transformation of social, economic and / or political structures.