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  • FCAS: What is the Fund

    FCAS: What is the Fund

    • niños pie mojándose

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      Why is a Cooperation Fund for Water and Sanitation necessary?

      The Cooperation Fund for Water and Sanitation (FCAS) is committed to the human right to water and sanitation, as recognised by the United Nations.

      The work of FCAS is also in line with the United Nations 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); specifically, SDG 6, which "seeks to ensure safe drinking water and sanitation for all, focusing on the sustainable management of water resources, wastewater and ecosystems, and acknowledging the importance of an enabling environment." The Covid-19 pandemic has made the vital need for water more crucial than ever. Until everyone is vaccinated, handwashing with soap and water is one of the main barriers against the disease. Nevertheless, universal access is still a long way off.


      DRINKING WATER

      According to the United Nations, some 2.2 billion people worldwide do not have safely managed drinking water services.  UNICEF estimates that 3.5 million children under the age of five die each year from diarrhoeal diseases and acute respiratory infections.

      According to experts, climate change will exacerbate the situation and it is predicted that by 2025, half of the world's population will be living in water-scarce areas. 


      SANITATION

      In terms of access to sanitation, 4.2 billion people worldwide do not have access to safe sanitation. More than 600 million people still defecate in the open.

       

      LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

      Latin America is home to one of the world's largest reserves of drinking water. Paradoxically, its inhabitants do not enjoy ensured access: 220 million people do not have access to safe water, and another 490 million lack safe sanitation. There are still many challenges on the continent. Inequality in the right to water and sanitation is evident: between urban and rural areas, between men and women, or between non-indigenous and indigenous populations. 


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