Drinking water is an essential natural resource and a key factor in human development. In the fight against poverty, providing universal access to water and sanitation and guaranteeing a sustainable resource is essential.
Spanish cooperation is firmly committed to the water and sanitation sector. The Fourth Master Plan (2013-2016) points to this sector as a strategic and critical area and sets the goal of "Promoting a strategy to enable the implementation of the human right to water and sanitation, giving priority to the most vulnerable and marginalized sectors".
Priority has been given to the sector by, for instance, providing support to reach the Millennium Development Goals and promoting recognition of the human right to water and sanitation.
Spanish cooperation is committed to this field mainly through the Cooperation Fund for Water and Sanitation in Latin America and the Caribbean (FCAS). The initiative is without precedent; never before had a single cooperation organism gathered such a large amount of funds for water and sanitation in Latin America. With over €790 million in donations, the fund is present in 18 countries through a portfolio of 66 cooperation programmes.
To ensure the resource remains sustainable, AECID projects will be included in an integrated framework of water resources management.
AECID also believes access to water and sanitation is a basic human right, as laid down by the General Assembly of the United Nations in July 2010. To make sure the focus remains on human rights, the provisions laid down in Government Order 15* are followed, as well as the reports and recommendations of the United Nations Human Rights Council Special Rapporteur on the subject, setting out criteria and indicators for availability, accessibility, affordability, quality, non-discrimination, participation and access to public information.