Today's globalisation process has led to an increasingly more interdependent and interconnected world, where collective problems cannot be addressed unilaterally.
This globalisation process has multiplied, in an unprecedented manner, the role of international agencies in the management of collective problems. Aspects that were formerly the exclusive competence of States now require more and more international cooperation for their management. At the same time, new problems considered supranational from the outset have arisen, with an impact reaching across borders and requiring internationally-agreed responses. As a result of these changes, multilateral action has gained greater significance. Having a solid, efficient and legitimised multilateral system has become an important prerequisite to successfully addressing the problems posed by international governance.
The major challenges involved in combating poverty—together with social exclusion and gender inequality, conflict prevention and peace, and environmental degradation—require concerted actions among States, mainly channelled through international organisations that have the legitimacy and the mandates to promote and manage global public goods within a framework of respect for and compliance with human rights, and have the sufficient resources and capacity to act effectively on the ground.
There are marked differences among multilateral development cooperation organisations as regards their specialisations and competitive advantages, their mandates and responsibilities, and their effectiveness and legitimacy. Promoting an effective multilateral cooperation system requires active, selective and strategic multilateralism. This goal requires the following:
A selective policy regarding these organisations, based on clear selection criteria.
Active participation in defining goals and strategies, and in the reform agendas of multilateral cooperation organisations.
Regular monitoring and evaluation of the action of multilateral organisations based on these criteria.
Spanish Cooperation, aware of all this, contributes to capacity-building in the multilateral system, to make it an effective and legitimate instrument at the service of worldwide democratic governance, through the following lines of action:
Support for funds, programmes and projects.
Support for regional organisations of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Support for regional organisations of Africa and Asia.
Promotion of the presence of Spaniards in international organisations.